Daylight Savings Time 2015

2 Mar

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If you have ever had to remind yourself what way to change the clock for Daylight savings time (DST) in spring then you may be familiar with the phrase “spring forward.” Spring forward means that we set the clocks ahead one hour in order to enjoy longer days and have added sunlight through the spring and summer months.

Modern DST was first proposed by the New Zealand entomologist George Vernon Hudson, whose shift-work job gave him leisure time to collect insects, and led him to value after-hours daylight. In 1895 he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour daylight-saving shift, and after considerable interest was expressed in Christchurch, New Zealand, he followed up in an 1898 paper. Many publications credit DST’s proposal to the prominent English builder and outdoorsman William Willett, who independently conceived DST in 1905 during a pre-breakfast ride, when he observed with dismay how many Londoners slept through a large part of a summer’s day. An avid golfer, he also disliked cutting short his round at dusk. His solution was to advance the clock during the summer months, a proposal he published two years later. A Member of Parliament Robert Pearce, who introduced the first Daylight Saving Bill to the House of Commons on 12 February 1908, took up the proposal. A select committee was set up to examine the issue, but Pearce’s bill did not become law, and several other bills failed in the following years. Willett lobbied for the proposal in the UK until his death in 1915.

Broadly speaking, Daylight Saving Time was abandoned in the years after the war (with some notable exceptions including Canada, the UK, France, and Ireland for example). However, it was brought back for periods of time in many different places during the following decades, and commonly during the Second World War. It became widely adopted, particularly in North America and Europe starting in the 1970s as a result of the 1970s energy crisis.

Daylight savings time this year will take place on Sunday March 8th at 2 am. Please be sure to remind your staff of this change and to plan accordingly.

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